- AMENDMENT I. Religious establishment prohibited.
Freedom of speech, of the press, and right to petition.
Congress shall make no law respecting an
establishment of religion, or prohibiting the
free exercise thereof; or abridging the
freedom of speech, or of the press; or the
right of the people peaceably to assemble,
and to petition the Government for a redress
- AMENDMENT II. Right to keep and bear arms.
A well-regulated militia, being necessary to
the security of a free State, the right of the
people to keep and bear arms, shall not be
- AMENDMENT III. Conditions for quarters for
No soldier shall, in time of peace be
quartered in any house, without the consent
of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a
manner to be prescribed by law.
- AMENDMENT IV. Right of search and seizure
The right of the people to be secure in their
persons, houses, papers, and effects, against
unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not
be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but
upon probable cause, supported by oath or
affirmation, and particularly describing the
place to be searched, and the persons or
things to be seized.
- AMENDMENT V. Provisions concerning
prosecution. Trial and punishment,
private property not to be
taken for public use without compensation.
No person shall be held to answer for a
capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless
on a presentment or indictment of a Grand
Jury, except in cases arising in the land or
naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual
service in time of war or public danger; nor
shall any person be subject for the same
offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or
limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal
case to be a witness against himself, nor be
deprived of life, liberty, or property, without
due process of law; nor shall private
property be taken for public use without just
- AMENDMENT VI. Right to speedy trial, witnesses,
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused
shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public
trial, by an impartial jury of the State and
district wherein the crime shall have been
committed, which district shall have been
previously ascertained by law, and to be
informed of the nature and cause of the
accusation; to be confronted with the
witnesses against him, to have compulsory
process for obtaining witnesses in his favor,
and to have the assistance of counsel for his
- AMENDMENT VII. Right of trial by jury.
In suits at common law, where the value in
controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the
right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and
no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise
re-examined in any court of the United
States, than according to the rules of the
- AMENDMENT VIII. Excessive bail or fines and
cruel punishment prohibited.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor
excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and
unusual punishments inflicted.
- AMENDMENT IX. Rule of construction of
The enumeration in the Constitution, of
certain rights, shall not be construed to deny
or disparage others retained by the people.